Backup Network Configuration
In this example, we routinely backup our network configuration.
Occasionally, a system might fail at pikt.org (for example, due to hardware failure), or we might need to do an operating system upgrade. (Or, perish the thought, a system might get hacked.) When we rebuild the system, after the OS reinstall, we need to restore the system to its previous configuration, in particular its network configuration. For this purpose, it's useful to have a backup of the system's essential network configuration.
The BackupNetworkConfiguration script following will do exactly that.
BackupNetworkConfiguration init status =piktstatus level =piktlevel task "Backup network configuration" input proc "echo =hostname; echo =ifconfig; echo =cat /etc/hosts; echo =route; echo =cat /etc/resolv.conf" begin =execwait "=cp /dev/null /usr/local/etc/netcfg" rule =execwait "$inlin >> /usr/local/etc/netcfg" =execwait "echo >> /usr/local/etc/netcfg" #if firewall end =execwait "=cat /etc/init.d/iptables >> /usr/local/etc/netcfg" #endif
In this script, we want to feed the standard Pikt input loop a series of commands. We will concatenate their output to a file, in this case /usr/local/etc/netcfg. (We could just as easily have located this file in the /etc directory.) That is, we want the script input to be:
/bin/hostname /sbin/ifconfig /bin/cat /etc/hosts /sbin/route /bin/cat /etc/resolv.conf [...]
(and possibly other commands; we might add to this list over time).
We could accomplish this by, as shown, echoing a series of commands in a Pikt 'input proc' statement.
Another way we could do this is by, using an 'input file' statement,
input file "=objdir/BackupNetworkConfiguration.obj"
feeding the contents of an external PIKT objects file, BackupNetworkConfiguration.obj, defined in our objects.cfg file as
BackupNetworkConfiguration =hostname =ifconfig =cat /etc/hosts =route =cat /etc/resolv.conf [...] #if firewall =cat /etc/init.d/iptables #endif
Either way, for each input command, we =execwait the command's output to the netcfg file. Very straightforward.
We have another script, backup_nightly.sh, for backing up each system's /usr/local directory to a central backup server. So, on that backup server, we regularly save each system's /usr/local/etc/netcfg file in one central place.
For more examples, see Samples.